National Security and Defence Reform

National Security and Defence Reform

Oleksandr Turchynov

Archil Tsintsadze
e-mail: defensereforms.in.ua

  • Completed
  • In progress
  • Not started
Status
Meeting number
Meeting date
NRC resolutions
Execution deadline
Responsible
Outputs
Commitments
Execution deadline
Reference
National Security and Defence Reform.
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3.1
The main goal is to enhance the country’s defence capacity, to reform the Armed Forces other military units of Ukraine in line with the present-day requirements and experience gained during the Anti-Terrorist Operation, and to develop the country’s defence industry to meet the needs of the Army to the utmost possible extent.
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3.1
The attention should also be given to.
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3.1
The development of new management bodies in the area of national security.
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3.1
With focus on the management, control, communications, computer support, intelligence and information management, and logistics around the security sector.
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3.1
In the Armed Forces of Ukraine, the priority should be given to the full renovation of structures, ranging from the management units to the staffing schedules of military units.
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3.1
The optimization of support systems and standards.
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3.1
The introduction of new weapons and equipment.
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3.1
The review of tactics and strategies to meet the present-day requirements.
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3.1
The intelligence system must be completely revised – from the intelligence and operational equipment of the military units to the intelligence agencies of the Ministry of Defence of Ukraine.
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3.1
The main activities of the reform of National Security should include.
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3.1
Functional optimization (to reduce redundant and unnecessary structures), centralization of procurement.
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3.1
Optimization of the logistics system.
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3.1
Updates to doctrinal and conceptual approaches to national security.
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3.1
Creation of an effective state system of crisis responses (network of crisis centres of central executive bodies) with the leading role of the National Security and Defence Council of Ukraine.
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3.1
Attracting foreign investment and the formation of an effective model of public-private partnerships.
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3.1
Introducing the principle of cluster rotation of personnel.
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3.1
Review of qualification requirements and ensuring strict compliance with these requirements and complete recertification of the staff, at the same time not only professional, but personal qualities are to be decisive.
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3.1
Commitments
Execution deadline
Reference
National security and defence reform.
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A.I
Reform of the system that ensures national security and defence.
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A.I.1
Develop and adopt new versions of the National Security Strategy and the Military Doctrine with consideration of changes in the political and military context around Ukraine. Inter alia, introduce the term ‘potential aggressor’ in the Military Doctrine and clearly defined criteria by which a particular state (group of states) shall be identified as potential aggressors. Amendments shall be prepared and officially introduced to the Law of Ukraine “On Principles of Internal and External Policy” and “On Foundation of National Security”, including provisions for abolishment of Ukraine’s non-aligned status, renewal of political course toward integration in the Euro-Atlantic Security Community and membership in the North Atlantic Treaty Alliance. One of the key strategic goals of Ukraine’s internal and external policy shall be restoring Ukrainian sovereignty over the territory of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea.
31.12.2014
A.I.1.1
Introduce a system for strategic planning and forecasting on the level of state with the purpose to prevent threats to the national security and determine a course of actions in situations of crises that would comprehensively combine political, military, economic, information and other measures. The coordinating role in such system shall be delegated to the Secretariat of the National Security and Defence Council, after clarification of its functions, structure and tasks and necessary amendments to the relevant regulations.
31.03.2015
A.I.1.2
Reform the entire mobilization training and exercise system as well as mobilization system in Ukraine in view of the specific nature of armed aggression in present-day circumstances (system of mobilization in the Armed Forces and other military formations, civic defence forces, the national economy). Introduce necessary amendments to the Laws of Ukraine “On Defence” and “On Mobilization Training and Mobilization”.
30.09.2015
A.I.1.3
Create an internally aligned and cross-compliant national system of information security; develop and adopt a Concept for information security.
30.09.2015
A.I.1.4
Optimize the structure of Ukraine’s intelligence, in line with the National Intelligence Programme. Strengthen operational capacity of intelligence, inter alia, by providing intelligence units with state-of-the-art intelligence and operational equipment.
30.06.2015
A.I.1.5
Develop and adopt amendments to the Law of Ukraine “On Cleansing of Power” in order to establish a separate mechanism for ‘cleansing’ actions in Ukrainian intelligence bodies that will ensure compliance with the requirements set forth in the Law of Ukraine “On Intelligence” and allow mitigation of potential threats to national security that may arise due to such actions.
31.03.2015
A.I.1.6
Establish the lower threshold for defence expenditure on the level at least 3% of GDP.
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A.I.1.7
Reform of the Armed Forces of Ukraine.
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A.I.2
Adopt new defence planning documents with consideration of present-day warfare challenges and threats to national interests as well as combat experience gained during the Anti-Terrorist Operation (Programme for the Armed Forces Development, Programme for Development of Armaments and Military Hardware).
31.03.2015
A.I.2.1
Make transition to a new structure of the Armed Forces to include, inter alia, consideration of rapidness of response to threats and task-performance readiness, and streamline the troops command and control system with regard to these changes.
30.09.2015
A.I.2.2
Approve the new military-administrative division of Ukraine. Renew military infrastructure, review location of permanent deployment bases of formations and detachments of the Armed Forces (approve the new Armed Forces deployment plan), specifically to ensure permanent military presence in the Eastern part of the country. Create, on the basis of military towns, a system of autonomous military bases with necessary infrastructure for deployment of military units with special housing and social infrastructure for servicemen and their families.
31.12.2015
A.I.2.3
Improve the mobilization system by establishing the adequate number of military registration and enlistment offices and their staffing, and creating a unified state registry of reservists on the basis of and as part as the Unified State Registry, to be maintained by the Main Department for Defence and Mobilization Planning at the General Staff of the Armed Forces of Ukraine.
31.03.2016
A.I.2.4
Make gradual transition to NATO standards (STANAG).
01.01.2020
A.I.2.5
Optimize and appropriately reduce the structure of the Ministry of Defence and the General Staff of the Armed Forces of Ukraine to avoid duplication of functions (align the structure of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of Ukraine with NATO standards).
30.06.2015
A.I.2.6
Remove the State Special Transport Service from subordination to the Ministry of Infrastructure and transfer this agency to the Armed Forces system.
31.03.2015
A.I.2.7
Increase allowances for servicemen by raising remuneration rates and rates based on military ranks. Enhance the prestige of military profession and motivation for military service.
31.03.2015
A.I.2.8
Amend current legislation in order to implement the mechanism to appoint military commandants for territories newly liberated from aggressor’s armed formations in the situation when the state has not enforced the legal regime of martial law but combat action is taking place on the country’s territory.
31.03.2015
A.I.2.9
Reform and streamline the system of military education in light of best practices adopted in NATO member states, including education offered at military training departments of civil higher education institutions.
31.12.2015
A.I.2.10
Optimize Armed Forces Intelligence:.
31.12.2015
A.I.2.11
On the level of operational command, build operative secret intelligence units and mobile radio-electronic intelligence units; create within intelligence control authorities corresponding divisions for control and command of operative secret and radio-electronic intelligence.
31.12.2015
A.I.2.11.1
Deploy the Regional Radio-Electronic Intelligence Centre in the Eastern territories.
31.12.2015
A.I.2.11.2
Amend the Laws of Ukraine “On Defence” and “On Legal Regime of Martial Law” in order to provide more clear definition with regard to subordination of military formations established according to Ukrainian laws to the General Staff of the Armed Forces of Ukraine in case of martial law enforcement.
31.03.2015
A.I.2.13
In order to build an effective system of territorial defence, dissolve the ‘Partnership for Support to Defence of Ukraine’ and, on the basis of its facilities and physical infrastructure, establish a military patriotic organization – the Ukrainian Military Organization – that will service as a base for building and training territorial defence forces. Adopt the Law of Ukraine “On the Ukrainian Military Organization”.
31.03.2015
A.I.2.14
Reform of the defence industry.
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A.I.3
Optimize the system of financial operations of the state-owned concern “Ukroboronprom” to ensure return of the majority of funds from arms manufacturing and supply contracts to enterprising to enable their effective operations and development.
31.03.2015
A.I.3.1
Set up an inter-agency committee on development of defence industry under the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine (as a consulting and advisory body) in order to ensure expert and analytical support to the Government’s work in the area of defence sector development.
31.03.2015
A.I.3.2
Develop the concept for import substitution and building new industrial capacities, including licensed production of critically important parts to provide Ukrainian manufacturers with hardware components that are not produced domestically.
30.09.2015
A.I.3.3
Organize cooperation in the sector of armament and military hardware development together with foreign manufacturers (EU, Canada, USA, and Southeast Asia).
31.12.2015
A.I.3.4
Restore operations of lost important defence industry enterprises (Donetsk chemical plant, state company “Topaz”, etc.) on the basis of other production facilities.
31.12.2015
A.I.3.5
Resume suspended important programmes for development of advanced armaments and military hardware and approve new programmes in the area.
30.06.2015
A.I.3.6
Implement mechanism to enable private research and development entities to develop and test military and special-purpose products on the basis of tendering, e.g. radio engineering products operating on frequencies allocated to the military and special IT products (for encryption, decryption, covert communication, etc.) and operative equipment. This will require amendments to the existing legal and regulatory frameworks.
30.06.2015
A.I.3.7
Optimization of the Ukrainian National Guard (UNG).
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A.I.4
Review locations of permanent deployment bases of UNG formations and units, specifically in view of increased size and setting up of new formations. Create, on the basis of military towns, a system of autonomous military bases with necessary infrastructure for deployment of military units with special housing and social infrastructure for servicemen and their families.
31.12.2015
A.I.4.1
Bring the procedure for appointment of the Chief of the Ukrainian National Guard in line with the Constitution of Ukraine.
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A.I.4.2
Optimization of the Security Service of Ukraine.
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A.I.5
Develop and adopt a new version of the Law of Ukraine “On Security Service of Ukraine” in order to strengthen its counter-intelligence powers.
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A.I.5.1
The status of temporarily occupied and temporarily uncontrolled territories.
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A.I.6
Building and implementation of the state policy aimed at actual regaining of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and city of Sevastopol as part of Ukraine and restoration of lawful state authorities on the whole territory of Donetsk and Luhansk regions that stipulates:.
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A.I.6.1
Comprehensive counteraction to the occupation regime in Crimea and Sevastopol and illegal terrorist groups operating on the territory of Donetsk and Luhansk regions.
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A.I.6.1.1
Filing international claims against Russian Federation in the interests of the state of Ukraine, enterprises owned by the state or with other ownership arrangements, and citizens of Ukraine who have suffered from occupation of Crimea and hostilities in Donetsk and Luhansk regions.
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A.I.6.1.2
Ensuring full compliance with the international rules and norms established for occupied territories.
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A.I.6.1.3
Measures intended to foster securing of the composition of population on the temporarily occupied territories of Crimea and Sevastopol as well as territories of Donetsk and Luhansk regions temporarily uncontrolled by the Ukrainian state authorities.
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A.I.6.1.4
Provision of legal protection of lawful interests of the Crimean Tartars and Ukrainian citizens of other ethnic origin who reside on the temporarily occupied territories of Crimea and Sevastopol as well as territories of Donetsk and Luhansk regions temporarily uncontrolled by the Ukrainian state authorities (including those who have temporarily left these territories).
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A.I.6.1.5
Programmes of target support to various age, ethnic social and other groups of population on the temporarily occupied territories of Crimea and Sevastopol as well as population on territories of Donetsk and Luhansk regions temporarily uncontrolled by the Ukrainian state authorities.
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A.I.6.1.6
Building additional state authorities infrastructure on Ukrainian territories adjacent to the temporarily occupied territories of Crimea and Sevastopol as well as territories of Donetsk and Luhansk regions temporarily uncontrolled by the Ukrainian state authorities, with the purpose to ensure realization of rights and lawful interests of Ukrainian citizens who reside on the occupied territories.
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A.I.6.1.7
Building and implementation of the state information policy intended to support Ukrainian citizens who reside on the temporarily occupied territories of Crimea and Sevastopol as well as territories of Donetsk and Luhansk regions temporarily uncontrolled by the Ukrainian state authorities.
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A.I.6.1.8
Improvement of legislation regulating economic activity on the temporary occupied territories.
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A.I.6.1.9
Provide legislative base for the status of forced migrates from the temporarily occupied territories of Crimea and Sevastopol as well as territories of Donetsk and Luhansk regions temporarily uncontrolled by the Ukrainian state authorities that would guarantee them full civil rights in areas of their temporary residence and stipulate social guarantees with the account of specific nature of this status.
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A.I.6.1.10
Including the Ukrainian parliamentarian Nadia Savchenko as part of the Verkhovna Rada Permanent Delegation to PACE, beyond parliamentary factions’ quotas.
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A.I.6.1.11
Commitments
Execution deadline
Reference
The new security policy.
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1
To approve a 5-year state program for Armed Forces capacity building.
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1
Up to 5 % of the GDP – to fund the expenditures on defence and law enforcement.
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1
Developing and promoting the adoption of the Law on State Budget of Ukraine with relevant amount of expenditures.
On constant basis
1
A new legislation on state defence procurement.
01.01.2016
1
International agreements on military technical cooperation.
31.12.2016
1
To build capacity of the military industry.
31.12.2018
1
To repeal the “non-block” status.
01.01.2016
1
To introduce the NATO standards.
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1
To approve the Annual National Programme of Ukraine-NATO cooperation.
31.03.2015
1
To upgrade to a new system of logistics to provide for the Army’s needs in compliance with the NATO standards.
30.06.2015
1
To implement the “European Rampart” project: construction of a safe and secure border between Ukraine and Russia.
31.12.2018
1
To establish a state agency for border infrastructure.
31.03.2015
1
To attract financial assistance from the EU to ensure border security.
On constant basis
1
Assistance of the EU Advisory Mission for Civilian Security Sector Reform.
On constant basis
1
To attract Ukrainian companies to participate in the bid to construct border.
On constant basis
1
To fulfil the criteria of the Visa Liberalization Action Plan. To start issuing biometric passports.
31.12.2015
1
To provide funding for the military personnel and the participants in the anti-terror operation.
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1
To grant the special status to ATO participants.
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1
To fund all social benefits.
On constant basis
1
To provide social assistance and medical rehabilitation through the State Service on veterans and ATO participants.
On constant basis
1
To approve a Programme of social rehabilitation and integration of the ATO participants.
30.06.2015
1
To protect the national interests in international courts. To seek compensation for the damage caused by the Russian military aggression.
On constant basis
1
To draft and implement the concept of information security.
31.12.2015
1
To launch the public broadcasting service.
31.12.2015
1
To launch international broadcasting service.
31.12.2015
1
To privatize the state-owned print media.
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1
Commitments
Execution deadline
Reference
Commitments
Execution deadline
Reference
Consult and coordinate on actions taken at bilateral and multilateral levels in the framework of international efforts with the joint aim of finding a sustainable political solution to the situation in some regions of Donetsk and Luhansk Oblasts of Ukraine, caused by the illegal activities of the Russian Federation.
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ІІІ.2.3.i
Support the work of the OSCE Special Monitoring Mission, the OSCE Observer Mission and any other OSCE mission with a view to support cease-fire and border monitoring.
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ІІІ.2.3.i
Further strengthen convergence on regional and international issues, conflict prevention and crisis management; work jointly to make multilateral institutions and conventions more effective, so as to reinforce global governance, strengthen coordination in combating security threats and address development related issues:.
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ІІІ.2.3.ii
Continue dialogue on implementation of the European Security Strategy.
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ІІІ.2.3.ii
Further implement “Seville” Arrangements for Consultation and Co-operation between the EU and Ukraine in EU-led crisis management operations, including continued participation of Ukraine in relevant crisis management exercises and CSDP-related training activities.
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ІІІ.2.3.ii
Continue consultations on sanctions applied by the EU.
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ІІІ.2.3.ii
Explore further concrete ways of achieving higher convergence in the field of foreign and security policy.
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ІІІ.2.3.ii
Take measures to foster military cooperation and cooperation of technical character between the EU and Ukraine.
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ІІІ.2.3.ii
Encourage and facilitate direct cooperation on concrete activities, jointly identified by both sides, between relevant Ukrainian institutions and CFSP/CSDP agencies and bodies such as the European Defence Agency, the European Union Institute for Security Studies, the European Union Satellite Centre and the European Security and Defence College.
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ІІІ.2.3.ii
Further develop co-operation in addressing common security threats, including combating terrorism, non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and illegal arms exports:.
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ІІІ.2.3.iii
Effective implementation of the Action Plan on organising border control at Ukrainian-Russian border sector and at the administrative line with Crimea.
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ІІІ.3.7

Oleksandr Turchynov

Team structure